The two main Arab tribes in Madinah were Banu Khazraj and Banu Aws. They were great enemies of each other and fought many battles. The resulting massacres and disagreements, particularly after the Battle of Bu`ath (617), involving all clans (including Jews), made them understand that tribal conceptions of the war of blood and eye were no longer feasible, unless there was a man capable of deciding in the disputed cases. The precipitation observed in some people in Yathrib reinforced Quraysh`s doubts about the agreement and concluded that the report they had received was correct. So they prosecuted all the people belonging to Yathrib. Fortunately, they began their pursuit when it was too late and the haj caravan had already crossed Makkans` reach. They could put their hands on one Muslim and it was Sa`d`Ubadah. The Prophet promised that if they acted according to the agreement, their place would be in paradise, but if they were disobedient, it was for Allah to forgive or torture them. In the terminology of historians, this `Bay`at` is called `Bay`atun Nisa` (Bay`at of women) because at the time of the conquest of Makkah, the Prophet took a similar `bay`at` of women. The text of the agreement, concluded after their embrace of Islam, read: “We have reached an agreement with the Prophet, which we will be obliged to do in this way: “We will not associate anyone with Allah We will not steal or commit adultery. We will not kill our children.
We do not and will not fail to do good deeds. At that time, Bura` bin Ma`rur stood up and said, “By Allah! If there had been anything else in our hearts than what we said with our language, we would have expressed it. We have no other intention but sincere respect for agreement and sacrifice on the path of the Prophet.” Then the Kaikass turned to the Prophet and asked him to say something. The Prophet recited a few verses and stirred their propensity for Islam. The meeting took place in Aqabat Mina (Mount Aqabah), Makkah, and resulted in the first Islamic agreement. After accepting Islam with the reading of the Shahada, the delegation and its fellow citizens pledged to welcome the Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) into their community and to physically protect him as one of them. This promise is known as the First Bay`at (Pledge) of Aqabah.” Suddenly, the news of the second agreement in Aqabah fell under it like a grenade. The leaders of the administration of idolatry inquire about the fact that, in the darkness of the previous night, seventy-three people belonging to Yathrib had reached an agreement with the Prophet, that they would defend him in the same way that they defended their children. There was a great riot among the Muslims of Yathrib.
They eagerly awaited the arrival of the Hajj season, so that in addition to organizing hajj ceremonies, they had to see up close the prophet and declare their readiness to render any service to Islam and to broaden the scope of the agreement, both in terms of quantity and quality. All Bani Hashim, whether they believe in his religion or not, are responsible for his defense. But now Muhammad bows to you and wants to be among you.