The government`s impact assessment, released on February 26, said it was “urgently” studying emergency options for which discussions have deviated, including provisional application and transition mechanisms (e.g. .B. Memoranda of Understanding) in order to enter into force on the day of withdrawal. Bilateral agreements and arrangements allow for joint airworthiness certification of civil air products between two countries. The UK, as a member of the EU, currently participates in many international agreements with third countries. The European online database Europe lists 1,261 international agreements to which the EU adheres. Further agreements were signed in March with the Pacific Islands (Papua New Guinea and Fiji) and the Cariforum countries (Caribbean). An agreement on trade continuity with Iceland and Norway was signed in April. The agreement was signed in May with the Andean countries (Ecuador, Colombia and Peru) and in July with six Central American countries. A continuity agreement with South Korea was first announced in June and then signed in August. In September, the government announced that it had initialled an economic partnership agreement with the five SACU members and Mozambique.

A note from the Department for International Trade published in June and then updated says trade with countries with which the government is seeking continuity agreements was worth £138.7 billion, or 10.7% of the UK`s total trade in 2018. The figures do not include Turkey and Japan, as well as other countries with which a continuity agreement will not be possible before the withdrawal. The note states that the continuity agreements signed so far accounted for 64.2% of the 10.7%. In November 2018, George Hollingbery, then Trade Minister, said the government was still optimistic about replacing most EU trade deals in time for Brexit Day. He pointed out that the discussions had become more complex since they had previously been based on a transition period, but the focus was now on “focusing on key partners”. that no agreement was a real possibility.” He said it would be difficult to conclude transitional agreements with some countries closely linked to the EU if there was no agreement with the EU. He also said that a previously announced agreement with the five members of the South African Customs Union (SACU) and Mozambique was not yet concluded. . .

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